An Overview of Orthodontics
Orthodontics is an oral health specialty that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and correction of crooked, mal-aligned, or misaligned teeth and jawbones, and other mal-formation bite patterns. It can also address the correction of growth of facial bones, called dentofacial orthodontics. The orthodontics field is vast with many branches in numerous colleges and universities throughout the country. Some of these branches specialize in pediatrics, while others deal with general dentistry. However, Orthodontics continues to be one of the biggest dental subspecialties in America.
One of the most popular Orthodontics surgeries
is Extracorporeal Periodontics or EPP. This Orthodontics specialty involves the use of retainers to hold the teeth in place. These retainers can be made of silicone, cork, gum, plastic, metal, or even real human hair. Retainers are used not only by orthodontists but also by cosmetic dentists who perform dental implants. Both of these professionals have one primary goal; to correct the structural imbalance of the teeth, which causes many of the problems for adults.
Other orthodontics procedures
used by orthodontists include bite reclamation, jaw realignment, facial stabilization, occlusal repositioning, and occlusal restructuring. Bite reclamation is used to straighten out or reshape the face which results in facial irregularities such as a double chin. Jaw realignment repairs alignment problems such as overbite, underbite, long jaw, shortened or chipped teeth, or excessive bite. Occlusal repositioning can help to align the teeth on both sides of the head, reducing the patient’s need for orthodontic braces.
Orthodontics can also focus on oral health
An orthodontist often treats patients with crooked, gapped, spaced, or wrinkled teeth which not only affect how a person smiles, but also can make it difficult for them to chew their food, talk, or breathe properly. Orthodontics can address these conditions using various techniques such as bite realignment, occlusal repositioning, dental bridges, and occlusal surgery. Orthodontics also helps patients improve their overall appearance through aesthetic dentistry, which uses forms, such as Botox, veneers, and real fillings. An orthodontist can also instruct patients on proper oral hygiene techniques and care practices which can promote healthier teeth, stronger gums, and healthier mouth tissues.
Orthodontics also specializes in treating a malocclusion
Malocclusion occurs when a person has teeth that are too close together; they are referred to as “malocclusions”. People who suffer from malocclusions may experience difficulty chewing their food, grinding their teeth, or even experiencing pain while opening the mouth. Orthodontics works by straightening malocclusions and resetting bite alignment.
Although there are many types of orthodontic treatments
available to patients today, many individuals are still concerned about the cost of orthodontic care. In recent years, many private orthodontists have opened their own offices, giving patients access to more affordable services. This new wave of orthodontic professionals allows patients to receive affordable treatment, increasing their chances of achieving a better smile, or a correction to their underlying health conditions.